Colonialism caribbean essays

Proceeding chronologically and focusing on the four main colonies – Jamaica, Barbados, Trinidad and Tobago, and British Guiana – the course charts the various factors that facilitated the decolonisation of the Caribbean, including the participation of black subjects in the First World War; the world-wide economic depression; the rise of the "brown" middle class; US pressure on the Colonial Office; and the emergence of a national consciousness. It is furthermore concerned with the models proposed – both from above and below – to achieve independence; the constitutional changes adopted in the wake of the labour riots, which included the formation of a Colonial Development and Welfare Fund and culminated in the formation of the West India Federation in 1958; and the nature of politics after independence.

Oxford was not London. Nonetheless, moving to study there was also a familiar path to the aspiring black middle classes from the Caribbean. To again dwell on just the most well-known cases: 20 years before Hall made that journey, Eric Williams had arrived in Oxford from Trinidad to study history; his work at Oxford culminated with the PhD that brilliantly revealed the centrality of slavery to capitalism and Britain’s early industrialization. Norman Manley, who Hall remembered as a fellow pupil at the elite Jamaica College school in Kingston, studied law at Oxford. With the creation of the West Indies Federation in 1959 Manley became the premier of Jamaica, while Williams became the first prime minister of Trinidad and Tobago when it left the Federation in 1962 to become independent. The studies of all three were funded by scholarships designed to propagate a British-educated colonial elite. Manley and Hall were Rhodes Scholars, awards funded by the riches plundered from the mines of southern Africa by the archimperialist Cecil Rhodes.

1. The French colonisation of Vietnam began in earnest in the 1880s and lasted six decades. The French justified their imperialism with a ‘civilising mission’, a pledge to develop backward nations.
2. In reality, French colonialism was chiefly driven by economic interests. French colonists were interested in acquiring land, exploiting labour, exporting resources and making profit.
3. Vietnamese land was seized by the French and collectivised into large rice and rubber plantations. Local farmers were forced to labour on these plantations in difficult and dangerous conditions.
4. The French also imposed a range of taxes on the local population and implemented monopolies on critical goods, such as opium, salt and alcohol.
5. French colonisers were relatively few in number so were assisted by Francophile collaborators among the Vietnamese people. These collaborators assisted in the administration and exploitation of French Indochina.

Anne Godlewska and Neil Smith argue that "empire was 'quintessentially a geographical project.'" [17] Historical geographical theories such as environmental determinism legitimized colonialism by positing the view that some parts of the world were underdeveloped, which created notions of skewed evolution. [16] Geographers such as Ellen Churchill Semple and Ellsworth Huntington put forward the notion that northern climates bred vigour and intelligence as opposed to those indigenous to tropical climates (See The Tropics ) viz a viz a combination of environmental determinism and Social Darwinism in their approach. [18]

Colonialism caribbean essays

colonialism caribbean essays

Anne Godlewska and Neil Smith argue that "empire was 'quintessentially a geographical project.'" [17] Historical geographical theories such as environmental determinism legitimized colonialism by positing the view that some parts of the world were underdeveloped, which created notions of skewed evolution. [16] Geographers such as Ellen Churchill Semple and Ellsworth Huntington put forward the notion that northern climates bred vigour and intelligence as opposed to those indigenous to tropical climates (See The Tropics ) viz a viz a combination of environmental determinism and Social Darwinism in their approach. [18]

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