Despite Julius II's political and bellicose achievements, his chief title to honor is to be found in his patronage of art and literature.  He did much to improve and beautify the city. In 1506 he laid the foundation stone of the new St. Peter's Basilica. However, he also demolished the old St. Peter's Basilica, which had stood for more than 1,100 years. He was a friend and patron of Bramante and Raphael , and a patron of Michelangelo . Several of Michelangelo's greatest works (including the painting of the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel ) were commissioned by Julius.